"EFFECT OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND EXERCISE PROGRAMME TO STRENGTHEN IMMUNITY AND PREVENT COVID 19"

Authors

Dr. Biju Lona K, Associate Professor
P.M.Govt.College Chalakudy.

Abstract

COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused bythe severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).It’s all over the news and there is an inescapable sense of anxiety, stress, and uncertainty due to COVID19 pandemic. Hence this review paper focus on impact of COVID-19 and related physical inactivity on human health, and to offer some physical activity guidelines to individuals suffering from the adverse outcomes during the pandemic and those recovering from an infection. The public health recommendations like stay-at-home orders, closures of parks, gymnasiums, and fitness centers to prevent SARS-CoV-2 spread have the potential to reduce daily physical activity. These recommendations are unfortunate because daily exercise may help combat the disease by boosting our immune systems and counteracting some of the co-morbidities like obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and serious heart conditions that make us more susceptible to severe COVID-19 illness.Exercise affects the immune system and its anti-viral defenses.At this time, we know very little about how exercise might interact with the immune system to affect SARS-CoV-2 infectivity and COVID-19 disease susceptibility. As the pandemic proceeds, it will be important to perform retrospective studies to determine whether physical activity status had any bearing on SARS-CoV-2 infection or COVID-19 outcome.A goal of any beginning exercise program is to progressively work toward completing at least one-half hour of moderate physical activity every day or at least twenty minutes of vigorous physical activity every other day of the week. Ideally, strengthening-type activities are included in daily activities at least twice a week.Hence this review paper explore the advantages of regular exercise programme during COVID pandemic situation as a solace to the victim.