"COMPARITIVE ANALYSIS OF AREA, PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF COFFEE IN CHIKKAMAGALURAND HASSAN DISTRICTS OF KARANATAKA"

Authors

Asha, H. S, Research scholar
Department of Economics, Kuvempu University.

Dr. S.N. Yogish, Professor
Department of Economics, Kuvempu University. 

Abstract

Coffee is one of the most important commercial crops of the tropics. Coffee is the second most traded commodity in the world next only to crude oil. It was first brought into India from Yemen in 1600 AD and plant in the high mountains of Baba Budan’s Courtyard, Karnataka district of Chikkamagaluru. The coffee was produced commercially in two major species, namely Coffea arabica and Coffea canephora, commonly referred to as arabica and robusta coffee.Chikmagalur is known as coffee country of India.It is an abode of large coffee plantations as well as the hub of coffee researchin India, the Central Coffee Research Institute is situated here.Hassan, small district coffee pocket sandwiched between two of the largest coffeeregions of the country viz., Chikmagalur and Coorg. Manjarabad (Hassan) is traditionallyrecognised as an arabica growing region.With respect to area, Arabica coffee is popular in two districts comparatively than robusta coffee.Chikkamagaluru district is contributing more area compared to Hassan.Production was higher in case of arabica coffee compared to robusta coffee in both Chikkamagaluru and Hassan district. Productivity of robusta coffee was higher in case of both Chikkamagaluru and Hassan districts. Hence, we can conclude that robusta was more productive compared to arabica coffee, but quality of arabica coffee was much more preffered because of its fine taste and aroma.