"AGRICULTURAL MECHANISATION: NECESSITY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT"

Authors

Prity Kumari (Assistant Professor)
Sri Krishna Mahila College, Begusarai.

Abstract

India’s agricultural production has stagnated at a time when the broader elements of it’s economy have grown. In order to sustain a overall growth rate it is imperative for agriculture sector to grow proportionately. Though, India has achieved self sufficiency in food grain production, but we witnessed that the growth rate of food grain production lagged behind that of the population of thecountry. While efforts such as introduction of high yield varieties and expansion of irrigated area have played a crucial role in achieving the goal of food self sufficiency in the past, rapidly growing demand for food brings the need for building efficiencies in the agriculture to the forefront. Towards this objective and also to meet the goal of “No poverty and Zero Hunger” of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 25 September 2015,it is imperative to focus on improving the intensity of agricultural mechanisation. Mechanisation covers all levels of farming and processing technologies, from simple and basic hand tools to more sophisticated and motorisedequipments. It eases and reduces hard labour, relieves labour shortage, improves productivity and timeliness of agricultural operation, improves the efficient use of resources, enhances market access and contribution to mitigate climate related hazards. Sustainable mechanisation considers technological, economic, social, environmental and cultural aspects when contributing to the sustainable development of food and agriculture sector. Mechanisation plays a key role in enabling the growth of commercial agriculture food systems and the efficiency of post harvest handling, processing and marketing operation, and as such can be a major determinant in the availability and accessibility of food, the food prices paid by urban and rural poor, as well as contributing to increased household foodsecurity. This Paper is specifically about Agricultural Mechanisation and opportunities provided by mechanisation for intensifying production in a sustainable manner, in value addition and agrofood value chain development, as well as the inherent opportunities implied for improved economies and livelihoods. The establishment of viable business enterprises, agro processors, transport services, and so forth as a result of increased agricultural mechanisation in rural areas, is crucial to create employment and income opportunities and thereby, enhancing the demand for farm produce, Thus, achieving sustainable developmentin Farm Sector to achieve the goal of food security.