Prity Kumari (Assistant Professor)
Sri Krishna Mahila College, Begusarai.
India’s agricultural production has stagnated at a time when the broader elements of it’s
economy have grown. In order to sustain a overall growth rate it is imperative for agriculture
sector to grow proportionately. Though, India has achieved self sufficiency in food grain
production, but we witnessed that the growth rate of food grain production lagged behind that of the
population of thecountry.
While efforts such as introduction of high yield varieties and expansion of irrigated area have
played a crucial role in achieving the goal of food self sufficiency in the past, rapidly growing demand
for food brings the need for building efficiencies in the agriculture to the forefront. Towards this
objective and also to meet the goal of “No poverty and Zero Hunger” of the Sustainable
Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 25 September
2015,it is imperative to focus on improving the intensity of agricultural mechanisation.
Mechanisation covers all levels of farming and processing technologies, from simple and
basic hand tools to more sophisticated and motorisedequipments. It eases and reduces hard labour,
relieves labour shortage, improves productivity and timeliness of agricultural operation, improves the
efficient use of resources, enhances market access and contribution to mitigate climate related
hazards. Sustainable mechanisation considers technological, economic, social, environmental and
cultural aspects when contributing to the sustainable development of food and agriculture sector.
Mechanisation plays a key role in enabling the growth of commercial agriculture food systems and
the efficiency of post harvest handling, processing and marketing operation, and as such can be a
major determinant in the availability and accessibility of food, the food prices paid by urban and rural
poor, as well as contributing to increased household foodsecurity.
This Paper is specifically about Agricultural Mechanisation and opportunities provided
by mechanisation for intensifying production in a sustainable manner, in value addition and agrofood
value chain development, as well as the inherent opportunities implied for improved economies
and livelihoods. The establishment of viable business enterprises, agro processors, transport services,
and so forth as a result of increased agricultural mechanisation in rural areas, is crucial to create
employment and income opportunities and thereby, enhancing the demand for farm produce, Thus,
achieving sustainable developmentin Farm Sector to achieve the goal of food security.